The State Epidemiological Outcomes Workgroup (SEOW), with the help of other state and federal agencies, update their substance abuse prevention needs assessment each year. With funding from the Strategic Prevention Framework State Incentive Grant (SPF SIG) awarded to the Office of Drug Policy in 2013, the SEOW has since developed a list of indicators they use to track the impact of substance abuse on Idaho. This data may be used by various agencies, but the purpose of this document is to provide an assessment for strategic planning purposes at the state and local levels.
A few notable observations were made based on the data:
- In regard to substance use, smokeless tobacco use among Idaho adults is higher than the national average and is increasing (BRFSS, 2011-2015). Conversely, Idaho has seen significant reductions in past year non-medical use of prescription pain relievers (NSDUH, 2009-2014), current cigarette smoking among adults (BRFSS, 2011-2015), and past 30 day alcohol use, binge drinking, and frequent cigarette smoking among high school students (YRBS, 2007-2015).
- The drug trafficking arrest rates have increased in Idaho. Although trafficking arrests account for a small proportion of all drug-related arrests, since 2011, the prescription drug, marijuana, and other drug trafficking arrest rates increased by 283%, 86%, and 175%, respectively (NIBRS, 2011-2015).
According to the Bureau of Vital Records and Health Statistics, the alcohol induced-mortality, including deaths caused from alcoholic liver disease, is above the national average in Idaho and is increasing, especially among American Indians. The rate of alcohol-induced mortality is almost three-fold higher among this racial group than the state rate as a whole.
- In 2014, out of all publicly funded treatment admissions, excluding those funded from Medicaid, approximately 35% reported that methamphetamine was their primary substance of abuse upon treatment entry, making it the most reported primary substance of abuse among people entering publicly funded treatment (TEDS, 2004-2014). In the same vein, the proportion of individuals entering treatment for primarily heroin in Idaho has surpassed the proportion entering treatment for primarily prescription drug abuse (TEDS, 2004-2014).
- Bureau of Community and Environmental Health, Dept. of Health and Welfare
- Bureau of Vital Records and Health Statistics, Division of Public Health, Dept. of Health and Welfare
- Counter Drug, Idaho National Guard
- Division of Behavioral Health, Dept. of Health and Welfare
- Division of Public Health, Dept. of Health and Welfare
- Idaho Dept. of Juvenile Corrections
- Idaho Division of Career and Technical Education
- Idaho Office of Drug Policy
- Idaho Statistical Analysis Center, Idaho State Police
- Idaho Supreme Court
- RMC Research Corporation